Kansas: 1898-1899. Oblong octavo. (19)ff. A double accordion-fold album of thirty-one woven paper designs in brown and coral. Included in this group are two weavings with movable elements, and one in the form of a frame with an image in the center. These examples of a popular kindergarten activity were created by lacing strips of multi-colored paper through slits in a paper matte using a flat needle. The patterns start out simple but become very intricate: many of the designs are abstract, reminiscent of Navajo weaving. Paper weaving is the fourteenth “Fröbel Gift” in the set of playthings developed by educational pioneer Friedrich Fröbel for use in his kindergartens; Fröbel opened the first kindergarten in Germany in 1837, based on the concept that children grow and learn best through play. Sets of Fröbel Gifts were introduced in America during the 1876 Centennial Exhibition and were purchased by parents and teachers alike. This album was probably made by a teacher studying Fröbel’s methods. The name Rosamond Sayer Horton is written on the lower inside front cover. Horton is listed as being in the Y. E. Bowman Memorial Kindergarten Training school graduating class of 1900. The school was located in Topeka, Kansas. In a black textured cloth album, gilt-stamped with “Weaving” on the front cover, its fabric ties intact, with only minor edgewear. Overall, fine and bright. Item #28032
(Brosterman, Inventing Kindergarten).